Daniel Platten Business and Administration Unit two:
Milk churns on a railway platform Originally, milking and processing took place on the dairy farm itself. Later, cream was separated from the milk by machine on the farm, and transported to a factory to be made into butter.
The skim milk was fed to pigs. This allowed for the high cost of transport taking the smallest volume high-value productprimitive trucks and the poor quality of roads.
Only farms close to factories could afford to take whole milk, which was essential for cheesemaking in industrial quantities, to them. These proved impractical for transport by road or rail, and so the milk churn was introduced, based on the tall conical shape of the butter churn.
Later large railway containers, such as the British Railway Milk Tank Wagon were introduced, enabling the transport of larger quantities of milk, and over longer distances. The development of refrigeration and better road transport, in the late s, has meant that most farmers milk their cows and only temporarily store the milk in large refrigerated bulk tanksfrom where it is later transported by truck to central processing facilities.
Automatic milking The milking machine extracts milk from all teats. Milking machines are used to harvest milk from cows when manual milking becomes inefficient or labour-intensive.
One early model was patented in It is made up of a claw, four teatcups, Shells and rubber liners long milk tube, long pulsation tube, and a pulsator. The claw is an assembly that connects the short pulse tubes and short milk tubes from the teatcups to the long pulse tube and long milk tube.
Cluster assembly Claws are commonly made of stainless steel or plastic or both. Teatcups are composed of a rigid outer shell stainless steel or plastic that holds a soft inner liner or inflation. Transparent sections in the shell may allow viewing of liner collapse and milk flow.
The annular space between the shell and liner is called the pulse chamber. Milking machines work in a way that is different from hand milking or calf suckling.
Continuous vacuum is applied inside the soft liner to massage milk from the teat by creating a pressure difference across the teat canal or opening at the end of the teat.
Vacuum also helps keep the machine attached to the cow. The vacuum applied to the teat causes congestion of teat tissues accumulation of blood and other fluids.
Atmospheric air is admitted into the pulsation chamber about once per second the pulsation rate to allow the liner to collapse around the end of teat and relieve congestion in the teat tissue.Learning outcome The learner will: 2. understand the relationship between customer service and a brand.
Assessment criteria The learner can: explain the importance of a . Unit Use a diary system Outcome 1: Understand a diary system Explain the purpose of using a diary system A diary system is used to ensure organisation and structure within an organisation. The diary system allows for meetings and various appointments to planned and at a glance you are able to see what is going on for any given day/5(1).
Nursing Assessment: Cardiovascular System. STUDY. PLAY. 1. After noting a pulse deficit when assessing a year-old patient who has just arrived in the emergency department, the nurse will anticipate that the patient may require d. keep a diary of daily activities while the monitor is worn.
D The standard policy on the cardiac unit. Explain the purpose of using diary systems to plan and co-ordinate activities and resources Describe the types of information needed to manage a diary system Explain the importance of obtaining correct information when making diary entries. CU Use a Diary System Level 2 Credit value 3 GLH 9 Aims This unit is about using a diary system to organise and record work activities so that planned.
when using a diary system: 3. Be able to use a diary system. Obtain information needed to make diary entries. Make diary entries accurately and clearly: Prioritise changes to This unit is based on the NOS BAA Use a diary system.
Functional skills signposting.