The family moved to the Lower East Side by the time Julius was
Inwithin three years of their arrest, Ethel and Julius Rosenberg were executed for passing secret information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union. From the beginning, many people hotly contested the outcome of the trial.
Many, on both sides, still use the case to highlight the worst excesses of the Cold War. And with the inevitable host of misrepresentations and claims made as a result, the case is worth reexamining in an historical perspective.
I also came to know Walter and Miriam Schneir, whose pioneering work, Invitation to An Inquest, in effect re-opened the case for a new audience in the late s.
Prior to my involvement, the Committee to Re-open the Rosenberg Case had compelled the FBI to release important but heavily censored documents on the case using the Freedom of Information Act.
The Anti-communist Cottage Industry Subsequently historian Ronald Radosh, who formerly associated with New Left radicals in the s, joined journalist Joyce Milton to use these documents and various interviews in their book, The Rosenberg File.
Reagan, who not by accident gave Judge Kaufman the Medal of Freedom inhad adopted a Cold War mentality that also enlisted a cadre of historians to recycle the anti-communist ideas of the s. Despite the fact that many such references are known to be false or planted, many scientists, government officials, non-communist journalists like the late I.
Stone, found themselves accused of being Soviet agents because of listings in the Venona files. Some additional investigation, however, brought the Venona Project into serious doubt. For example, historians uncovered the fact that Kim Philby, the leading Soviet agent in the s who also happened to head British counter-intelligence, knew about the Venona Project.
Forced out of British intelligence in and under suspicion for years, Philby fled to the Soviet Union in In addition, few serious historians doubted that the FBI, under J.
Joseph McCarthy with all sorts of distorted and incomplete documents to foster their scurrilous investigations.
Historians also now know that Hoover had used FBI files, many of them distorted, to blackmail prominent figures. By the mids, the case receded into memory. Ronald Radosh took to writing books connecting Bill Clinton and the Democrats with communists and becoming even more the caricature of a s red-baiter.
By this time, second and third generation historians, who studied the Communist Party in the late s and s, began to emerge from the smog of anti-communism. Many of them came to portray Communist Party activists as making positive contributions to the labor movement and to civil rights and other struggles, even if this largely non-Marxist and certainly non-communist scholarship often looked critically at formal CPUSA positions and leadership.
I dealt with the case as a politically motivated one, and addressed the clear anti-Semitic subtext of the case. My article had an interesting effect. Both far rightists on the Internet and historians, for whom study of the communist movement can only be the study of espionage, denounced the publication for permitting me to write the article.
Only anti-communists, they opined, could write about communists without being biased. Some even accused me of insisting that the Rosenberg case was simply about anti-Semitism.
I felt as though I had been transported back into the period I had written about, which many of my accusers seemed to have never left. New Evidence, Old Story The recent revelations about the Rosenberg case added important documentation to what we had been saying for years: During the trial, however, Ruth testified that Ethel Rosenberg typed the information.
This perjured contradiction caused historians reviewing the new documents to say it both cleared Ethel and proved that the federal attorneys on the case made up evidence against her in order to include her in the proceedings.
Such a fabrication, by any standard, should have put the entire trial into jeopardy. It also shows that the US government executed a woman it knew to be innocent. While the major media largely ignored the Greenglass revelations, a new piece of the story emerged at about the same time.
Sobell, now over 90, stated clearly that he all he did was work with Julius Rosenberg to pass non-nuclear information to the Soviets during World War II. I chose not to cooperate with the government in The issues are now with the historians. Secret of the Atomic Bomb Despite these new revelations, some aspects of the case, the most important ones, remain unchanged.
Scientists had known about nuclear fission, the basic inner-workings of the bomb, since before World War II. When the US successfully built an atomic weapon, it became clear that the Truman administration intended to use it to threaten the Soviets.
The US government shared nuclear information with the British during the war but refused to do so its Soviet allies. Stalin immediately ordered his subordinates to contact Moscow and make the Soviet atom bomb project a high priority. Americans built the first atomic bomb, but scientists familiar with the project understood they would probably not be the last.
The Truman administration, as part of its developing Cold War policy against the Soviets, decided immediately after the war to refuse to work with the Soviets in the United Nations to promote a nuclear disarmament program.
Truman wanted to maintain a monopoly over nuclear weapons, develop those weapons in quantity and quality, and use this nuclear monopoly to gain global hegemony.Apr 17, · With questions surrounding Ethel Rosenberg's participation in the transfer of sensitive material from the Manhattan Project to the Soviet Union, was it right for the U.S.
government to execute the Rosenbergs? Consider that most people convicted of espionage are instead sentenced to years in prison. The Rosenberg’s should be considered as traitors. Amrit Parmar CHA 3U1 January 10th Jan 05, · Why Ethel Rosenberg Should Not Be Exonerated.
January 05, The trial of the Rosenbergs was mishandled by the prosecution, but the reality . Julius Rosenberg was born on May 12, , in New York City to a family of Jewish iridis-photo-restoration.com family moved to the Lower East Side by the time Julius was His parents worked in the shops of the Lower East Side, as Julius attended Seward Park High iridis-photo-restoration.com became a leader in the Young Communist League USA while at City College of New York (CCNY).
The role of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg in the history of the United States of America. Sep 17, · After his comments were published, even the Rosenbergs' children, Robert and Michael Meeropol, were left with little hope to hang on to -- and this week, in comments unlike any they've made.