Everything listed for Week 2 is Included in Tutorial Purchase! Option 1 Word Count: Option 2 Word Count: Option 3 Word Count:
Scientific research involves a systematic process that focuses on being objective and gathering a multitude of information for analysis so that the researcher can come to a conclusion. This process is used in all research and evaluation projects, regardless of the research method scientific method of inquiry, evaluation research, or action research.
The process focuses on testing hunches or ideas in a park and recreation setting through a systematic process.
In this process, the study is documented in such a way that another individual can conduct the same study again.
This is referred to as replicating the study. Any research done without documenting the study so that others can review the process and results is not an investigation using the scientific research process.
The scientific research process is a multiple-step process where the steps are interlinked with the other steps in the process. If changes are made in one step of the process, the researcher must review all the other steps to ensure that the changes are reflected throughout the process.
Parks and recreation professionals are often involved in conducting research or evaluation projects within the agency. These professionals need to understand the eight steps of the research process as they apply to conducting a study. Identify the Problem The first step in the process is to identify a problem or develop a research question.
The research problem may be something the agency identifies as a problem, some knowledge or information that is needed by the agency, or the desire to identify a recreation trend nationally.
In the example in table 2. This serves as the focus of the study. Review the Literature Now that the problem has been identified, the researcher must learn more about the topic under investigation. To do this, the researcher must review the literature related to the research problem.
This step provides foundational knowledge about the problem area. The review of literature also educates the researcher about what studies have been conducted in the past, how these studies were conducted, and the conclusions in the problem area.
In the obesity study, the review of literature enables the programmer to discover horrifying statistics related to the long-term effects of childhood obesity in terms of health issues, death rates, and projected medical costs.
In addition, the programmer finds several articles and information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that describe the benefits of walking 10, steps a day. The information discovered during this step helps the programmer fully understand the magnitude of the problem, recognize the future consequences of obesity, and identify a strategy to combat obesity i.
Clarify the Problem Many times the initial problem identified in the first step of the process is too large or broad in scope. In step 3 of the process, the researcher clarifies the problem and narrows the scope of the study. This can only be done after the literature has been reviewed.
The knowledge gained through the review of literature guides the researcher in clarifying and narrowing the research project. In the example, the programmer has identified childhood obesity as the problem and the purpose of the study.
This topic is very broad and could be studied based on genetics, family environment, diet, exercise, self-confidence, leisure activities, or health issues.
All of these areas cannot be investigated in a single study; therefore, the problem and purpose of the study must be more clearly defined.The information processing cycle refers to the order of events that go into processing information, including input, processing, storage and output.
Input consists of acquiring, entering and validating the data, while output consists of interactive queries and the running of reports. Some. The information environment is the aggregate of individuals, organizations, and systems that collect, process, disseminate, or act on information.
This environment consists of three interrelated dimensions, which continuously interact with individuals, organizations, and systems. Technology, Globalization, and International Competitiveness 31 specialization and exchange.
Eventually, the development of the semiconduc-tor spawned the current information technology . Information Technology, IT tools, telecommunication cost, post specific assets and other associated costsâ ¦etc.
reformed the classification of excessiveness of these particular positions.
The History of Communication Technology. Before that, people had to pen texts by hand, which was an extremely laborious process. During the Renaissance, commercial printing presses could churn out almost 4, pages each day.
Before the printing press, books were highly valued and treasured objects. Many families would only have one book in.
The initial stages of and process communication. In addition, the teams describe the importance of continued reassessment of their team-based care process.
The act of stepping back and making sure ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF EFFECTIVE INTEGRATED .