Max Gerber] I am often asked whether I agree with the new group selectionists, and the questioners are always surprised when I say I do not. After all, group selection sounds like a reasonable extension of evolutionary theory and a plausible explanation of the social nature of humans.
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Identify approaches to understanding and applying occupation and occupational science as elucidated in the RChTO. The study identified two main approaches. Each approach is further divided into categories.
This study provides a novel perspective on regional use of occupational science concepts. These findings contribute to our understanding of this science in context and to recognition of the cultural relevance of these scientific concepts.
Introduction Rapid technological advances and the emergence of the information society have changed the landscape for the scientific community. It is more important than ever to elucidate the international perspectives and bodies of knowledge that form the foundation of any discipline.
Given the abundance of information available, it is essential to provide clear guidelines for discourse and academic research. Occupational therapy in Chile has been influenced by occupational science concepts that were developed in other regions but are applicable to the Chilean context.
However, undergraduate occupational therapy programs tend to teach a limited number of theoretical frameworks [ 1 ]. Moreover, within our country there has been little discussion of the various ways that occupational science and occupation can be understood and the local implications of these alternative perspectives [ 2 — 4 ].
This content would provide students with a sound theoretical foundation, strengthen professional identity, and create effective connections between theory and practice [ 5 — 11 ].
Meeting this challenge requires recognizing the place of occupational science in professional education. Studies have shown that occupational therapists rarely use occupational therapy-specific theories to justify their practices, depending instead on concepts borrowed from other disciplines.
This situation can be improved if occupational science concepts, foundations, and theories are taught explicitly [ 12 ] in occupational therapy education programs, along with their therapeutic applications to occupational behaviors.
As members of the Occupational Science Education Committee, we propose that it is essential to analyze the Chilean understanding of occupational science.
Chilean perspectives are reflected in the Chilean Journal of Occupational Therapy RChTOwhich is our highest-impact scientific journal in the discipline [ 13 ]. This study explores the question: As the objective of this study is to identify approaches to understanding and applying occupational science, we will define some relevant concepts.
Occupational science is the academic study of occupation [ 14 ]. It provides a theoretical and scientific foundation for occupational therapy practice, approaching occupation as an inherent human phenomenon.
Because of its focus on human behavior, occupational science is considered a social science, like anthropology, psychology, or sociology [ 15 ]. One of the first approaches used in occupational science was to study the form, function, and meaning of occupation [ 14 ].
Form references to directly observable aspects of occupation. For example, occupational scientists may compare how different cultures or social groups perform a given occupation.Each have similar attitudes about the subject, but use different approaches to try and get their message across.
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