Case control study on hypertension

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Case control study on hypertension

Though hypertension in adults is of multifactorial causes; Life style and behavior of the adults, Poor nutritional status and malnutrition in the elderly population are important areas of concern.

Nonetheless, many health care practitioners inadequately address the multifactorial issues that contribute to nutritional risk and to malnutrition.

A common assumption is that nutritional deficiencies are inevitable consequences of aging and disease and that intervention for these deficiencies are only minimally effective.

This study assessed to address some of the factors contributing for the development of hypertension in the elderly population attending clinical follow up in hospitals. The life style and behavior of the respondents in this study showed that Concerning regular activities and exercises, over two third of the respondents work does not involve vigorous intensity activities that increase in breathing and heart rate and this is similar with the study Case control study on hypertension Addis; this could be one of the sedentary life style that might contribute for the development of hypertension and related diseases in adults.

Whether the socio-demographic characteristics of the respondents brings a difference between the hypertensive patients and the non- hypertensive once was assessed; being a female was found to have a protective effect, while advanced age was found to contribute for the development of hypertension.

This is in line with a study from Addis Ababa But a study from Nigeria and Pakistan revealed that Females are more obese than males and hypertension is highly associated with obesity Furthermore, education has a protective effect against the development of hypertension, while income had nothing to do with the disease.

The advanced statistical analysis to test the relationship between the life style, behavior and hypertension showed that those respondents who never consumed alcohol were 0.

Similarly, those respondents who eat fruit at least once in a typical week are 0. Moreover, in a typical week those who eat vegetables once, twice, three times and four times a week are 0.

The presence of vigorous exercise and intensive activities that cause large increases in breathing or heart rate did not show any relationship with the having hypertension. As the scope of the present study does not include biochemical measurements, we were unable to determine the level of blood glucose or cholesterol.

Similarly, we have not collected data on menopausal status among the women, and thus we have not controlled the potential effect of menopausal status on the risk of blood pressure in women.

The risk factors of hypertension and the nutritional status of adults in Tigray is an area for concern, as it constitutes a silent epidemic that is not matched with comparable level of awareness among policy makers or intervention by the health system.

Considering the fact that there is only a limited pool of information on the burden of non-communicable disease or their risk factors of adults in Tigray, an important input of this study would be to raise awareness about the problem among the population and policy makers so as to bring chronic diseases in general, and hypertension in particular, into the health research and policy agenda.

Programs for the prevention and control of cardiovascular diseases and their risk factors should be designed and implemented as a matter of urgency. We would like to thank Mekelle University, for sponsoring this research, we also forward our gratitude to the hospital staffs and the respondents and the data collectors for their kind participation in the study.

Retrieved on, august, WHO,nutrition for older persons. WHO,keep fit for life, meeting the nutritional needs of older persons. Kalache A, Ebrahim S, eds. How to cite this article: Bayray A and Berhe H: Int J Pharm Sci Res.

Study Design - Case Control

Pinsley Dm, stand stead hh. New York, Alan R. Clinical obstetrics and gynecology, Sixth and seventh reports of the joint national committee on prevention, detection, evaluation and treatment of high blood pressure USA.

Newi Ng, et al:Pregnancy induced hypertension is a serious disorder of pregnancy with high morbidity and mortality rate for mothers and iridis-photo-restoration.comide, PIH is a significant health problem to mothers and infants; it had negative impact on health that increases the mother and infant morbidity and mortality iridis-photo-restoration.com: Kholoud Salem AL-Azab, Yousef Ibrahim Al Jeesh.

Marine n‐3 fatty acid and calcium intake in relation to pregnancy induced hypertension, intrauterine growth retardation, and preterm delivery: A case‐control study. Ulrik Kesmodel M.D. Corresponding Author. A case‐control nested in cohort study. Subjects ami methods.

A case-control study is a type of medical research investigation often used to help determine the cause of a disease, particularly when investigating a disease outbreak or rare condition. Viatorr CX Case-control Study for Complications of Portal Hypertension (VIATORR-CX) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators.

Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government.

Case control study on hypertension

The aims of this interview-based case-control study included an exploration of these hypotheses. We assessed the possible role of atherogenic risk factors by examining associations of UL with self-reported, physician-diagnosed hypertension and diabetes.

Affiliated with the Korean Society of Hypertension, Clinical Hypertension publishes in all areas of hypertension, pulmonary hypertension and vascular disorders including vascular biology, pharmacology, pediatric hypertension and imaging. "X is a risk factor for Y: a case control study", "What is the impact of factor X on subject Y: A.

Pulmonary hypertension in patients with Martorell hypertensive leg ulcer: a case control study