This article addresses wisdom-in-action for nursing practice. We briefly describe nursing theoryreview the wisdom literature as presented in various disciplines, and identify characteristics of wisdom by analyzing four models of wisdom from other disciplines. We also present the ten antecedents of wisdom and the ten characteristics of wisdom identified in our analysis of the wisdom literature, discuss and summarize these antecedents, and conclude that understanding these ten antecedents and the ten characteristics of wisdom-in-action can both help nurses demonstrate wisdom as they provide nursing care and teach new nurses the process of becoming wise in nursing practice. Thomas Stearns Eliotp.
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This is so because students do not have a clear idea about the principles on the basis of which these methodologies are based. In this article, I will be discussing about the key elements of Grounded Theory and Ethnography which will help them in selecting right methodology for their research.
Boyd in his study precisely explained the goals of qualitative studies i. In the sensitization stage, the researcher is able to gain deep insight through the data collected in first two stages and this also helps the researcher in identifying appropriate interventions.
In the last stage conceptualization of the phenomenon is achieved through richness of theory which is supported by descriptive evident of the study. The broad scope for researchers who want to apply ethnographic researchers and grounded theorists is to understand events, behaviours and cultural meanings and interpret the experiences.
Despite the similarity between the two methodologies, there are some primary differences as well. When the grounded theory is applied, the theorist aims to generate theory which can explain the psychological phenomenon and also help him understand how social interaction is used by human beings to define reality.
On the other hand for ethnographers the primary goal is to provide a description of the cultural phenomenon in their study.
The detailed description of these methodologies with their similarities and differences will be discussed in the subsequent sections. Grounded theory Application of Grounded Theory Methodology is a mid-range theory which focuses on the process and connects different stages of theory together Chenitz, For example if one needs to conduct a study to gain understanding of psychological experiences of patients suffering from a specific disease then grounded theory can be applied.
Based on the answers to these questions, theories can be developed. In summary, we can say that application of Grounded theory methodology helps the researcher in understanding the behavior of the research participants regardless of their cultural background.
So this process addresses the research questions with the primary aim of understanding the core process responsible for change rather than focusing on social groups.
Ethnography The end product of any ethnographic study is dependent on what the researcher wants to investigate in their study. It is believed that there are three reasons for choosing a ethnographic study.
Firstly, it helps the researcher to understand a particular phenomenon and describe alternative realities which was projected by the participants of the study in a particular culture.
Also, in addition to grounded theory, the researcher can develop hypothesis based on empirical data of cultural description which can then be tested using quantitative research designs Germain, Finally, for ethnographers, ethnographic studies are conducted to study the complex cultures i.
Differences between Grounded theory and Ethnography Firstly, as already discussed in the previous paragraphs, Ethnography differentiates itself from grounded theory because it entails to understand the participant behavior with respect to a specific culture.
For this reason one can say that ethnographers focus on just one aspect i.Over free NCLEX-RN exam practice test questions with thorough rationales for explanation of answers to help give you a leg up for the special day.
The Social Cognitive Learning Theory - The social cognitive learning theory focuses on learning in a social setting. Observing the behavior of others develops individual philosophy, proficiency, policy, . The nursing profession is and has been experiencing what is often described as an unendurable shortage of clinical nurses.
Organizations are having difficulty recruiting new nurses and retaining current staff. 1 The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts the demand for registered nurses to grow from two million to million between and , a 60% increase. Our completely free ACCUPLACER Elementary Algebra practice tests are the perfect way to brush up your skills.
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Organizations are having difficulty recruiting new nurses and retaining current staff.
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